1 Short title
This Act may be cited as the Census Act 1960.
In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires-
"census officer" means any person appointed under this Act as Commissioner, Deputy Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner, District Superintendent, Supervisor, house numberer or enumerator, acting within the local limits of any area for which he may have been so appointed;
"Commissioner" includes a Deputy Commissioner;
"prescribed" means prescribed under this Act;
"schedule" means a schedule in the prescribed form in which are, or are to be, entered the prescribed particulars required for the purposes of a census.
3 Power to direct census to be taken
The Yang di-Pertuan Agong may, by notification in the Gazette, from time to time direct that a census be taken throughout Malaysia or any specified area of Malaysia of the population, agriculture (including animal husbandry), trade, labour, industry, commerce, orphanhood, widowhood, blindness or other specified infirmity, disease or affliction, or such other matters as he may consider necessary or desirable in order to ascertain the social, civil or economic condition or state of health of the inhabitants of Malaysia, and may by the same or a different notification appoint a Commissioner to supervise the taking of the census.
4 Appointment of officers
(1) The Minister may, from time to time, by notification in the Gazette, appoint such Deputy Commissioners, Assistant Commissioners, District Superintendents and committees as he may deem expedient in and for Malaysia or any part thereof, and with such titles relating to the nature of the census in respect of which they are appointed, as he may consider necessary for the purposes of any direction under section 3.
(2) The Commissioner, any Assistant Commissioner, any District Superintendent, and any census officer authorized by the Commissioner in that behalf, may by writing under his hand appoint any person as a supervisor, house numberer or enumerator to supervise or take or aid in the taking of a census within any specified area.
(3) Every census officer shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the Penal Code [Act 574].
5 Census officers to carry proof of appointment
(1) Every census officer, other than a census officer appointed by notification in the Gazette, shall carry with him at all times when on census duty the writing under the hand of the Commissioner, Assistant Commissioner, District Superintendent or other census officer authorized by the Commissioner in that behalf appointing him a census officer under subsection 4(2), and shall produce the same for inspection by any person who may in good faith question his authority as a census officer.
(2) Every census officer appointed by notification in the Gazette shall carry with him at all times when on census duty a copy of the notification in the Gazette appointing him a census officer.
The Minister may from time to time make regulations to give effect to this Act and, without prejudice to the generality of the powers, the regulations may provide for-
(a) the duties of census officers;
(b) the functions of any committee appointed under subsection 4(1);
(c) the particulars regarding which, the persons from whom, and the mode in which, information shall be obtained for the purposes of any census;
(d) the forms of schedules to be used in obtaining any such particulars;
(e) the form of requisition to be addressed to employers of labour under section 12;
(f) such other matters as are required to be prescribed.
7 Occupier to allow access and permit affixing of numbers
Every person occupying any land, house, enclosure, vessel or other place shall allow any census officer such access thereto for the purposes of the census as, having regard to the customs of the country, may be reasonable, and shall allow him to paint, mark, or affix on or to the property in the occupation of that person, such letters, marks or numbers as the Commissioner may deem necessary for the purposes of the census.
8 Questions by census officers
Every census officer may ask such questions of all persons within the limits of the area for which he is appointed as may be necessary to obtain the information required for the purposes of the census, and every person of whom any such question is asked shall be bound to answer the question truthfully to the best of his knowledge and belief.
9 Delivery and filling in of schedules
(1) Any census officer may leave or cause to be left at any dwelling-house within the area for which he is appointed a schedule in the prescribed form to be filled in by the occupier of the dwelling-house or of any specified part of the dwelling-house.
(2) The occupier shall, within the time mentioned therein, fill in the schedule, or cause it to be filled in, in the manner prescribed and shall thereafter deliver the schedule so filled in to the enumerator or supervisor appointed for the area in which the dwelling-house is situated or to any other person as the Assistant Commissioner or District Superintendent may direct.
(3) If the occupier is unable either to fill in the schedule in the prescribed manner or cause some other person so to fill it in, he shall preserve it in the condition in which he received it and shall deliver it to the enumerator, supervisor or other person as aforesaid who shall then exercise the powers conferred upon him by section 8 and shall fill in the schedule in the prescribed manner.
(4) At any time before or within twelve months (or such longer period as may be prescribed) after the date directed for the taking of the census any census officer may, if instructed by any Assistant Commissioner or District Superintendent so to do, visit any dwelling-house within the area for which he is appointed for the purpose of checking any information obtained or of obtaining further information for the purposes of the census, in which event, after exercising the powers conferred upon him by section 8, he shall-
(a) if satisfied that a schedule relating to any dwelling-house contains the name of any person who was not within that dwelling-house at the time of the taking of the census, delete from the schedule the name of, and all particulars relating to, that person;
(b) if satisfied that any person was within any dwelling-house at the time of the taking of the census whose name is not written in a schedule relating to that dwelling-house, enter the name of, and all particulars relating to, that person in that schedule or in a separate schedule, as the Commissioner may direct; and
(c) if satisfied that any schedule is incorrect in any other material particular make any necessary correction thereto.
10 Collective schedules to be filled in by persons in charge of institutions, etc.
(1) An Assistant Commissioner or District Superintendent may deliver or cause to be delivered to-
(a) the person in charge of any mental hospital, hospital, work-house, place of detention, prison, police station, reformatory or lock-up, or any Government, co-operative, collective or tribal farm, or any charitable, religious, educational or other public or private institution or organisation; or to
(b) the keeper, secretary or manager or other person in charge of any hotel, boarding-house, lodging-house, club or other residential establishment,
a schedule or schedules in the prescribed form to be filled in in respect of those premises.
(2) The person to whom any such schedule is so delivered shall fill in the same or cause the same to be filled in, to the best of his knowledge and belief, with the prescribed particulars in respect of the premises at the time aforesaid, and shall sign his name thereto and, when so required, shall deliver the schedule or schedules so filled in and signed to the enumerator or supervisor appointed for the area in which the premises are situate or to such other person as the Assistant Commissioner or District Superintendent may direct.