Contracts Act 1950 [Act 136]

Part I


1 Short title

(1) This Act may be cited as the *Contracts Act 1950.

(2) Nothing herein contained shall affect any written law or any usage or custom of trade, or any incident of any contract, not inconsistent with this Act.
*NOTE-See Contracts (Amendment) Act 1976 [Act A329] with respect to Scholarship Agreements.

2 Interpretation

In this Act the following words and expressions are used in the following senses, unless a contrary intention appears from the context:

(a) when one person signifies to another his willingness to do or to abstain from doing anything, with a view to obtaining the assent of that other to the act or abstinence, he is said to make a proposal;

(b) when the person to whom the proposal is made signifies his assent thereto, the proposal is said to be accepted: a proposal, when accepted, becomes a promise;

(c) the person making the proposal is called the "promisor" and the person accepting the proposal is called the "promisee";

(d) when, at the desire of the promisor, the promisee or any other person has done or abstained from doing, or does or abstains from doing, or promises to do or to abstain from doing, something, such act or abstinence or promise is called a consideration for the promise;

(e) every promise and every set of promises, forming the consideration for each other, is an agreement;

(f) promises which form the consideration or part of the consideration for each other are called reciprocal promises;

(g) an agreement not enforceable by law is said to be void;

(h) an agreement enforceable by law is a contract;

(i) an agreement which is enforceable by law at the option of one or more of the parties thereto, but not at the option of the other or others, is a voidable contract; and

(j) a contract which ceases to be enforceable by law becomes void when it ceases to be enforceable.