Tax law is found in many places - tax law is generated by the federal government, state government as well as counties, cities, and other municipalities. The variety of taxes that everyone faces is staggering - tax law affects almost every aspect of your life.
Generally, all income of companies and individuals accrued in, derived from or remitted to Malaysia are liable to tax. However, income remitted to Malaysia by resident companies, non-resident companies (other than companies carrying on the business of banking, insurance, air and sea transportation) and nonresident individuals are exempted from tax.
Apart from income tax, there are other direct taxes such as real property gains tax, and indirect taxes such as sales tax, service tax, excise duty and import duty.
Currently, income tax is assessed on the income earned in the preceding year according to the Official Assessment System.
As a measure to modernize and streamline the tax administration system, the assessment of income tax will be changed to the current year assessment from the year 2000. The present Official Assessment System will be changed to the Self-Assessment System in stages as follows:-
|Group||Year of Implementation|
|Business, Partnerships and cooperatives||2003|
|Salaried group|| 2004|
To facilitate the changeover, all income received in 1999 will be waived from income and losses incurred in 1999 will be allowed to be carried forward.
Agreement for the Avoidance of Double Taxation
Agreements for the Avoidance of Double Taxation provide for the avoidance of incidence of double taxation on income such as business profits, dividends, interest and royalties that are derived in one country and remitted to another country. To-date, Malaysia has signed such tax treaties with the following countries (by alphabetical order):
(limited to shipping and
Korea, Republic of Kuwait
Papua New Guinea
Saudi Arabia (limited to shipping and air transport)
United Arab Emirates
United States of America (limited to shipping and air transport)
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