The concept of the Bug Out Bag is based on the idea that you will need to evacuate your home fast from some form of disaster. This is also known by some as a 72 hour kit.
A BOB is very different from the concept of long term survival. The focus of a Go Bag is on fast evacuation. Your Boogie Bag should be ready to go, so you can leave quickly if a disaster should strike.
Some of the things you will need in a Bug out Bag are:
- Large Capacity Backpack
- Water (between 2 and 4 litres per day)
- Non-perishable food (I prefer freeze dried food for many reasons)
- Water purification supplies (tablets or filtration system)
- Cooking supplies (if needed)
- Eating utensils
- First Aid Kit
- Fire starting kit (matches, flint & steel, etc)
- Good Survival manual
- Tent (or Tarp) for shelter
- Sleeping Bag (or blankets)
- Flashlight & extra batteries
- Emergency Radio (hand crank or solar power)
- Emergency Plan (with contact info, meeting locations)
- Cash (in Small bills)
- Weather appropriate clothing (against Hypothermia or Hyperthermia, rain, bugs, etc)
- Rain Poncho
- Comfortable footwear (I like hiking or tactical boots myself)
- Space Blanket
- Sanitation/Hygiene supplies (Tampons, toothbrush, toothpaste, etc)
- Crowbar/Folding Shovel
- Medicine (enough for an extended period)
- Heavy Duty Zipper-lock Freezer Bags
- Knife (fixed blade or folder type)
- Rope (I prefer paracord)
- Copies of Identification/Important Papers
- Food for Pets
Obviously this is quite a list. The big thing to consider when putting together your Bug Out Bag, is that you have to be able to carry it.
So once you've put your bag out bag together, try carrying it. If you can't carry it, go through and see what can be let go.
Remember too that your backpack should be of hiking or camping quality. Not the cheap backpacks you pick up for a few dollars to hold school supplies.
The type of backpack I would suggest is one that has well padded shoulder straps and a waist belt. If it has a light weight frame as part of the backpack, all the better as it will help to distribute the load more.
This is also a consideration if you'll be travelling with someone who doesn't have much experience in carrying heavy loads.
You can put your own bag together. However there are also several premade survival packs that would serve very well as a starting BOB. Those can save you time and even money in some cases.
Also remember that most bug out bags will only have enough food for a few days - so it's important to know where you're going in case of emergency. The bag will only last you so long. So those are some tips on constructing a Boogie bag.
Regardless of what you choose to do, remember to store your bag in an easily accessible location and check it periodically.