7 Things to Know Before Closing a Business

Closing a business is a complicated process that requires a lot of careful attention. If you need help with this, it's best to consult an attorney who specializes in this area.

If you plan on going at it alone, you must understand what's involved so that you can handle the situation with efficiency and ease. Some websites offer a comprehensive checklist for you to follow like the complete guide to filing for bankruptcy in Florida.

For those in other states and regions, here are a few things you should know before closing down a business:

1. Cancel Licenses and Permits

If you have a business license, contact the local government office that issued it and make sure you know what you need to do to get your license canceled. Cancel any licenses or permits for products (e.g., food and alcohol). These can vary depending on the product, but if there's anything left over from when you were operating your restaurant or beauty salon, make sure it's all disposed of properly before closing up shop for good.

2. Pay All Taxes

It’s one of the most important things to remember once you’ve closed your business. You’ll need to pay all outstanding taxes, and if you don’t, it could lead to penalties or even jail time. If a business was incorporated (limited liability company (LLC), corporation), there may be state filing requirements that must be met before closing down operations, so make sure those are taken care of as well.

Some states require annual audits and some require more regular reports than others so check out what’s required in your area beforehand and make sure everything has been filed properly with the state government office responsible.

3. Notify Customers and Vendors

One of the most important steps you can take to ensure a smooth transition is to notify your customers and vendors. By notifying them, you'll give them time to plan for changes while ensuring they have everything they need before the big day. Here are some things to consider when the time comes to send out notifications:

  • Include a clear closing date in your notification letter. This way, customers know when they'll no longer be receiving products or services from you. It's also helpful to include a phone number where customers can call with any questions regarding the closure.

  • Be sure that everyone on your list receives one of these notifications before the closing day arrives so that no one is left in the dark about what's going on at their favorite local business. If there are other partners involved in providing goods or services under contract with yours, make sure they're given adequate notice as well.

  • You may want to consider using social media platforms such as Facebook or Twitter instead of sending out traditional letters. It could potentially reach more people than traditional mailings would because many don't check snail mail anymore but rely heavily upon smartphones instead, especially the younger generations.

With these notifications, you valued your customers and suppliers even though you’re no longer providing them a continuous service.

4. Contact Creditors, Lenders, and Suppliers

You must notify all creditors and suppliers that you're closing your business. If you are closing down due to bankruptcy, some creditors may try to collect their debts from you. However, if the money from a creditor is needed to pay other creditors or costs in the bankruptcy proceeding, and there's not enough money left over after paying them off (such as attorney fees), then those creditors won't be paid until all other claims have been satisfied.

5. Notify Employees

If you're planning to close your business, you'll want to notify your employees of the decision. Not only is it the right thing to do, but it also allows you to give them ample time to prepare for the changes. You may have some employees interested in purchasing your business or continuing their employment at another location; others may need time off from work while they search for new jobs or collect unemployment benefits. Your notification should include:

  • A date when all employees will be let go (if applicable)

  • A brief explanation of why this decision was made

  • How long they'll be paid (as well as how much) after being let go

6. Return Assets

Return all assets to their original owners. If you are the owner of a business, you should return any assets that aren't being kept by your new company. You can send them back in person or through the mail if they are small enough. For larger items, hire a courier service to ship them back for you.

Make sure you have permission to return these items before doing so, as well as get receipts from anyone who gives you stuff like that to avoid legal problems later on down the road!

7. File Dissolution Paperwork

Now that you've decided to close your business, there are a few more things you'll need to do. One of them is filing dissolution paperwork with the state. You'll also need to file dissolution paperwork with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) if your business is an S-Corporation or a partnership. And you'll have to file dissolution paperwork with your state tax commission as well as any other agencies that deal specifically with businesses in that state.

Filing dissolution paperwork is just like starting up a new company, it's not very complicated per se, but it does take time and money. The bigger issue here is one of timing: If you don't get this done quickly enough after closing down operations, then someone might come looking for their payment from you later on down the road.


Closing a business is a complicated process that requires a lot of careful attention. The key to success is knowing what to do and when before you begin the closure process. And hopefully, these tips have helped you understand what's involved in closing your business and feel confident with your plan moving forward.

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