A brief overview of investing banking products and services can come in handy whenever somebody has finally decided to really do something with their very large nest egg besides let it sit in an interest-bearing savings account. Investing banking, and the investment banks that engage in it, can be a smarter route to safely increasing available income as well. But these banks don't take deposits, so keep that in mind.
Basically, this form of banking is carried out through a specialized financial institution that mainly assists governments and corporations in the raising of capital. They do this by underwriting (insuring) and issuing securities instruments such as bonds, notes and shares. They also deal in a wide variety of trading, accessory financial services and assistance to investors looking to buy those securities.
This kind of banking occurs mainly in what's known as the investment bank's "front office." In most of these banks, there are also "middle offices" and "back offices." For individual investors, they'll most often deal with licensed broker-dealers and their employees through the bank's front office activities, where all its investment products and services are offered.
There are usually several core banking products, services or investment activities that individual investors can work with an investment bank on, with the most common being investment banking itself. For individual investors, much of their resources can be steered either towards a specific industry or towards a specific product such as bonds, shares or exotic instruments such as derivatives.
In almost every case, the most attractive services offered by this kind of bank have to do with sales and trading activities. The bank, on behalf of the individual investor, with buy and sell products of all kinds. Good banks have whole product lines set up that investors can peruse and then select. Keep in mind that the amount of money needed by an investor can be very large in order to select a product.
Many investment banks also have specialized research offices and product lines for corporate and individual investors. They're doing the investigatory and research legwork needed so that investors of any type won't have to, in other words. When they do so, they often issue "buy or sell" ratings of the security or instrument being contemplated by investors. Investors then make decisions based on those ratings.
Often, many clients of an investment bank insist on seeing what research the bank has come up with before agreeing to sink sometimes-considerable amounts of money into an investment instrument or another company and its shares. And they pay good money on a regular basis to many an investment bank for the opportunity to see this research, so keep that in mind.
Investing banking isn't usually something that the average Joe down the block might find himself interested in. Its practitioners are often large multinational banking concerns with branches all over the world. They often underwrite investments in the billions of dollars. However, individuals with significant resources (think at least $50,000 to $500,000, minimum) can take advantage of the services they offer as well.