Today, many diseases have become quite rampant like cervical dysplasia.
Cervical dysplasia is a syndrome in which abnormal (cancerous) cells somehow appear on the periphery of the cervix of a female. There are many forms of this disease like mild, moderate, severe and invasive dysplasia. In the first form of dysplasia, only few cells are present on the boundary of cervix. In the second form 50% of the cervical lining consists of abnormal cells. In the third kind of dysplasia the complete lining of the cervix is, inflicted with these cells. It has to, be cured right on time otherwise, it can develop to cancer. In the last form of dysplasia, all the cells on the boundary of the cervix and in cervix have become cancerous. There can be many reasons behind the appearance of dysplasia.
The first is the human papilloma virus or HPV. It has, been recognized as a common cause of this disease. It's an illness through appearance of genital warts lead to appearance of abnormal cells. In almost 80 to 90% of the cervical dysplasia cases, it is, also preceded by genital warts. Every year, almost 2,50,000 females get affected by this disorder. The women who are quite vulnerable to getting this disease are those who have a large number of sexual partners, cigarette smoking and have been using contraceptive pill for higher duration of 5 years. This kind of a disease generally happens in the age gap of 25 to 35 years in females. However, females in all age groups are susceptible to this disease.
The worst part is that this disease cannot be, easily diagnosed. You can follow some precautions that include that you quit smoking. Also, use protection while having sex. Everyone knows that HPV is a sexually transmitted disease and once you get it, cervical dysplasia is bound to happen. However, evidence has shown that condoms cannot avert spreading of HPV virus. If a female is exposed to genital warts, then show can't help the situation through the use of condoms. Its better that you abstain from sex with a man who has such warts otherwise infection will happen. Diseases like AIDS can also lead to this disease because they reduce the immunity of the body.
In addition, other kinds of weaknesses in the immune system can also cause origin of dysplasia. In a pap smear test, some cells of the cervix are, brushed by a doctor and then sent to a laboratory for finding whether they are cancerous or not. Every woman who is more than 18 years old and has a sex life should get these tests done so that dysplasia is, revealed on time. Pap smear has dangerous restrictions as far as discovering the disease is concerned. The capabilities of PAP smear in finding out about this disease in the precancerous stage are quite low, only 20-30%.
This technology just belongs to the last century. You just can't trust the pap smear tests for telling about the truth of your infection. The best way to find about this disease is through biopsy. A small section of cells get tested in a biopsy to reveal presence of cervical dysplasia.