Melasma is a dark skin discoloration on the skin. Its most common victims are women, especially pregnant women, that is why it is called "mask of pregnancy". It does not appear only on the face, it appears also on the other areas of the skin like the forearms.
How do you determine if a person has a Melasma? A common symptom to show the presence of this skin discoloration is the appearance of dark spots found on the face, forehead and even the nose. It will take some time before these discolorations were formed.
The black staining on the skin color is a outcome of excessive creation of the dark pigment on the skin and at the same time, direct exposure to the sunlight. Another element that may impact in the improvement of spots is the hereditary element. For currently pregnant ladies, inner hormone switch throughout pregnancy is actually the cause of the presence of black patches. This is also the outcome of external hormones such as birth control supplements. Chloasma can be clinically determined by just checking at the skin. Wood's lamp could be utilized also to figure out the dark pigment variation somewhere between the 2 layers of the skin, the epidermis and the dermis. With respect to study, these kinds of black blotches on the body have a tendency to grows more on summer time and show up not that much on the winter season. It is a final result of subjection to the sun.
For pregnant women, dark patches on the skin usually disappear after several months of giving birth. Other methods of treating these dark patches are:
Laser Treatment- This kind of approach employs the Wood's lamp to be able to find out if the brown patch is found on the 1st part of the skin or maybe in the particular internal layer of the skin. If the brown spot seems to be on the interior part of the skin, the dermis, Fraxel laser is applied for treatment method. Certainly not all black patches found on this specific part of the skin act in response to the laser treatment method. Some might not be taken out.
Topical Depigmenting agents- a chemical that is commonly used for this is the hydroquinone. However, because it was banned for public use, other natural products were discovered to replace hydroquinone.
Skin Peeling- Exfoliating is available into 2 types: facial peel off utilizing alpha hydroxyacids and chemical peel off via the application of glycolic acid.
Utilizing Tretinoin- this particular technique is not really recommended for currently pregnant ladies. This requires improving the turn over of cellular material.
With regard to individuals who had facial dark spots simply because of hereditary aspects, essential avoidance of this is actually lessening the direct exposure to the sunlight and use of sun filter on the skin. Sun screens along with SPF 30 are suggested for use. If possible, these people ought to talk about this particular issue with their own physicians so that birth control supplements as well as some other hormonal remedies will be prevented.
In a way, Melasma can be prevented. This can be done by limiting the exposure to the sun, though it is difficult to do it sometimes. Individuals with family history on this dark spots have a great tendency in developing this kind of spots. Extra care must then be given when going out into the sun. Wear hats, sun blocks and sun glasses for additional protection.