Arthritis is one of the most common physical disorders that cause pain to a lot of people. However, this condition is not classified as a single medical disorder, but is composed of 100 other kinds. Caused by inflammation of the joints, this condition occurs when there is a lack of fluid in the joint area, damage of the joints, deterioration of the cartilage, infection, and strains in the muscle area, fatigue, old age, and a lot of other factors.
Modern medicine has diagnosed 100 kinds of this condition, but the most common cases include Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid-Arthritis, Septic-Arthritic, and Juvenile Rheumatoid-Arthritis. Osteoarthritis occurs when the elasticity of the cartilage is lost. This condition is associated with the wearing away of the cartilage which serves as the shock absorber in the ligaments and bones. In severe cases, extreme pain is experienced. Symptoms include swelling of joints in the hands, hips, knee, and spine.
On the other hand, Rheumatoid-Arthritis is a condition common to women which causes swelling and deformity. This disorder is caused when the synovial membrane in the joint area is affected or is suffering from inflammation. Often associated with stiffness and inflammation, other symptoms of this condition include swelling and redness of hands, arms, legs, and wrists.
Another form of arthritis is called Septic-Arthritic, which is often called Infectious-arthritis. Caused by bacterial, fungal, or viral infection that attacks the synovial fluid present in the joints, this condition might get worse when the bacteria and virus begin to attack the tissues or worse, the bloodstream. Fever is the primary symptom of this condition followed by inflammation of areas such as the shoulders, fingers, knees, and elbows.
Derived from the age group of people affected by it, Juvenile Rheumatoid-Arthritis affects people from ages 16 years old and below. Inflammation of joints that leads to mild and severe pain makes up this condition. Swelling of joints, fever, rashes, stiff neck, weight loss, and anemia are the most common symptoms of juvenile rheumatoid arthritis.
Treatment and Medication
In order to fight the painful spells of this condition, physical therapy and proper medication are extremely important. Physical therapists aid people suffering from arthritic conditions through certain exercises, motion performances, and development of muscles, use of hot packs, warm baths, and use of walking aids in severe conditions. Physical therapists also provide patients with exercise and movement techniques, diet programs, in order to lessen the pain and make their lives easier.
On the other hand, special drugs are given to arthritic people in order to lessen the pain. COX-2 inhibitor drugs lessen the pain and swelling in affected areas. Aspirin is also used to combat the pain, but it has side-effects such as stomach bleeding and problems in the kidney. Other types of medicines that help lessen the pain include Glucocorticoids, Chloroquine, Hydroxychloroquine, Minocycline, Sulfasalazine, Azathioprine, Leflunomide, Cyclosporine, and other types of medicines designed to lessen arthritic pains.
Arthritis may be a challenging and painful medical condition, but people need to be patient, faithful and strong in order to fight it.