Urinary tract infections, or bladder infections, are a serious health problem suffered by millions every year and the second most common type of infection in the body. Both men and women can suffer from the painful symptoms, however women are especially prone to infections.
If you feel an urgent need to urinate frequently, but only a small amount of urine is passed accompanied by a burning sensation, then you more than likely have a bladder infection. Sufferers also often complain of an overall feeling of tiredness, lack of energy and feeling shaky. Some women can experience a painful pressure above the pubic bone, whilst men may complain of fullness in the rectum. The urine itself can look milky or cloudy, even reddish if blood is present, and be quite strong-smelling.
Commonly, women suffer from it more than men as their urethra is shorter, this is the tube that passes from the bladder out of the body, also the opening is located close to the anus making it easy for bacteria from the anus to reach the bladder. Nearly every woman will experience cystitis at some point in their life, and some will get it again and again. It doesn't discriminate against age but is more common in pregnant women, sexually active women, and women who have gone through the menopause. If men get cystitis it can be more serious as it could be caused by a prostate infection, such as prostatitis, or an obstruction in the urinary tract, or an enlarged prostate.
A mild bladder infection can be cleared up relatively simply by drinking plenty of fluids, taking painkillers, such as paracetemol and ibuprofen, and abstaining from sex for a while. However, if the symptoms persist then you should visit the doctor for further advice, in most cases they will prescribe antibiotics to fight the infection. If you delay in treating bladder infections they can lead to fever, back pain, nausea, or vomiting which may be evidence that the infection has reached the kidneys.
Cystitis is a common UTI and usually treated with antibiotics. Always follow the doctor's instructions carefully and finish the course of antibiotics if prescribed, otherwise you may not get rid of all the infection and it could recur again very quickly.
http://www.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Urinary_tract_infection : UTIs are effectively treated with antibacterial drugs, mostly trimethoprim, trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, amoxicillin, nitrofurantoin, and ampicillin. Trimethoprim is particularly effective antibiotic in preventing and treating urinary tract infections and comes in an easy to take tablet form to be taken once or twice a day. If your doctor has prescribed it for you ensure you let them know if you are, or planning to get, pregnant, or are breast-feeding. They should also know about any allergies you have to any drugs or diuretics, or other medications you are on. If you're taking any other prescription or nonprescription medications, particularly phenytoin and vitamins, always tell your doctor.
Before taking any medication read the instructions carefully. Trimethoprim can be taken without food generally 1 hour before or 2 hours after meals. However, if you experience nausea, it's OK to take it with food. Drink at least eight glasses of liquids every day, these can be anything from water and soft drinks, to tea, coffee, milk, and fruit juice.
If you should forget to take a dose then just take it as soon as you remember unless it is nearly time for the next tablet, in this case just miss that one and continue with your dosing schedule. Never take a double dose because you missed the previous one.