International Monetary Fund (IMF)

The International Monetary Fund (IMF), also known as the Fund is an international organization established in 1945 to foster global monetary cooperation, facilitate international trade, foster sustainable economic growth, make resources available to member countries experiencing balance of payments difficulties.
International Monetary Fund Logo

Logo of the International Monetary Fund (IMF)

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) was conceived in 1944 at a United Nations conference. It has only 29 member countries when it came into existence in December 1945. The IMF is now governed by its 189 member countries.

The IMF is mainly funded through a quota system where each member country is assigned a quota based on its relative size in the world economy. The voting power of a country in the IMF is also based on the quota system. The IMF accepts gold as payment by member countries but it is prohibited from buying gold or engaging in other told transactions. It is one of the world's largest official holders of gold.

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is headquartered in Washington D.C., United States.

When IMF was founded, its primary purpose was to ensure stability of the international monetary system, which are the system of exchange rates and international payments that enables countries to transact with each other. The IMF's role was altered to include all macroeconomic and financial sector issues that bear on global stability.

The fundamental mission of the IMF is to ensure the stability of the international monetary system by:
  • Surveillance: Keeping track of the global economy and the economies of member countries
  • Lending: Lending to countries with balance of payments difficulties
  • Technical Assistance: Providing practical help to member countries

Popular time series data sources and publications of the IMF include the World Economic Outlook, Global Financial Stability Report, Fiscal Monitor Analytical Chapter, Regional Economic Reports, IMF Date Mapper, IMF Finances and SDRs per Currency Unit.

International Monetary Fund Website Screenshot

Screenshot of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) Website

The official website of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) features:
  • Research: Global Analysis; Data Visualization; Working and Departmental Papers; Research Bulletin; Economic Review; Commodity Prices
  • Reports and Publications by Country
  • Data and Statistics
  • Social Media Hub: News and Videos
  • Capacity Development

Address:   Headquarters:

International Monetary Fund
700 19th Street, N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20431
United States

International Monetary Fund
1900 Pennsylvania Ave NW
Washington, DC, 20431
United States
Phone:   +1 (202) 6237000
Notes:   Official website available in English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Japanese, Russian and Spanish versions.

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Keywords :  
united nations   international organization
Guide ID: 96 - Last Updated: October 17, 2016