United Nations (UN)

The United Nations (UN) is an international governmental organization established on October 24, 1945 after the Second World War by 51 founding countries, each country known as a member state, to promote international co-operation inn solving international problems in order to prevent another such conflict.
Logo of the United Nations

Logo of the United Nations (UN)

Its main objectives are:
  • to maintain international peace and security and develop friendly relations among nations
  • to promote sustainable development for better living standards and social progress
  • to protect human rights
  • to uphold international law
  • to deliver humanitarian aid

The United Nations provides a forum for its member states to express their views, to find areas of agreement and solve problems together in General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council and other bodies and committees.
Emblem of the United Nations

The United Nations (UN) emblem was approved on 7 December 1946

The UN Charter was signed on June 26, 1945 and entered into force on October 24, 1945. The powers of the United Nations are given by this Charter which is considered an international treaty.

The 6 principal organs of the United Nations are
  1. General Assembly: Deliberative assembly of all member states
  2. Security Council: Responsible for international security issues
  3. Economic and Social Council: Responsible for global economic and social affairs
  4. Trusteeship Council: Responsible for administering trust territories
  5. International Court of Justice: The universal court for international law
  6. UN Secretariat: The administrative organ of the United Nations

Currently, the United Nations comprised of 193 member states and 2 observer states.
Flag of the United Nations

The United Nations (UN) flag was adopted on 20 October 1947

The United Nations is funded by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states.

The United Nations Chief Administrative Officer is the Secretary-General.

The programmes and funds of the United Nations are:
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • World Food Programme (WFP)
  • United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC)
  • United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
  • United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)
  • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
  • United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA)
  • UN Women
  • United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat)

UN specialised agencies are autonomous organisations working with the United Nations through negotiated agreements.

UN Specialised Agencies:
  • World Bank
  • International Monetary Fund (IMF)
  • World Health Organization
  • United Nations Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
  • International Labor Organization (ILO)
  • Food and Agriculture Organization
  • International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD)
  • International Maritime Organization (IMO)
  • World Meteorological Organization (WMO)
  • World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO)
  • International Civilian Aviation Organization (ICAO)
  • International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
  • United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO)
  • Universal Postal Union (UPU)
  • World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)

24 October is celebrated as United Nations Day since 1948.
Address:   United Nations Headquarters:

United Nations
42nd-48th Street
First Avenue
New York, NY 10017
United States

United Nations Offices:

United Nations in Geneva (UNOG)
Palais des Nations
14, Avenue de la Paix
CH - 1211 Geneva 10

United Nations in Vienna (UNOV)
Vienna International Centre (VIC)
Wagramer Strasse 5
1400 Vienna

United Nations Office in Nairobi (UNON)
P. O. Box 67578
Nairobi, Kenya 00200
Facebook:   http://www.facebook.com/unitednations
Twitter:   http://twitter.com/un
Google+:   http://plus.google.com/u/0/b/104158924758626757436/104158924758626757436/posts
Notes:   Official website available in Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish.
Website:   www.un.org/

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Keywords :  
international organization   human rights
Guide ID: 62 - Last Updated: October 14, 2016