Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia

On 5 June 1963, the Constitutional Court of the Federal Unit of Yugoslavia was established. The first President and eight judges of the Constitutional Court were appointed.

On 25 June 1991, the Republic of Slovenia proclaimed independence by the adoption of the Basic Constitutional Charter on Independence and Sovereignty of Slovenia and the Declaration of Independence. The Constitutional Court of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia as a republic of the former Yugoslavia, thus became the Constitutional Court of the newly independent state.

The turning point in this process was the adoption of the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia on 23 December 1991. The Constitution introduced the principle of the separation of powers.

On 2 April 1994, the Constitutional Court Act enters into force. The amendments to the Constitutional Court Act (Official Gazette RS, No. 51/07 - ZUstS-A) entered into force on 15 July 2007.

The Constitutional Court is composed of nine Constitutional Court judges, elected on the proposal of the President of the Republic by the National Assembly. Any citizen of the Republic of Slovenia who is a legal expert and has reached at least 40 years of age may be elected a Constitutional Court judge. Constitutional Court judges are elected for a term of nine years and may not be re-elected. The President of the Constitutional Court is elected by the judges from among their own number for a term of three years.

The official website of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Slovenia features Case Law; News; About the Court (Judges, Institution, Legal Basis, Contacts, International Cooperation); Applications; Press.
Notes:   Available in English and Slovene versions.

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Guide ID: 3139 - Last Updated: August 21, 2013