Italian Constitutional Court

Established in Palazzo della Consulta, Rome. The Court's first public hearing was held on April 23, 1956. The Constitutional Court performs the crucial roles of ensuring the constitutionality of laws, with special attention to the protection of fundamental rights, and of mediating social conflicts, thereby contributing essentially to the adaptation of the legal system to the evolution of society. The Court is composed of fifteen judges. Five judges are elected by members drawn from the three superior tribunals. Another five judges are elected by both Houses of Parliament sitting in joint session. The last five are chosen by the President of the Republic. The Court elects its President from among its members for a three-year renewable term of office.
Notes:   Only basic information available in English. Other information are only available in Italian.

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Guide ID: 3128 - Last Updated: July 31, 2013