Federal Constitutional Court, Germany
Known as the Bundesverfassungsgericht in German. Founded in 1951 and headquartered in Karlsruhe, Germany. Its task is to monitor compliance with the constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany (Basic Law). In what is known as judicial review proceedings, it examines laws and, in case of complaints of unconstitutionality, other acts of state such as court rulings, for their constitutionality. In that case, however, appellants must assert that a violation of their constitutionally guaranteed rights has occurred. The interpretation and application of so-called ordinary law (i.e. rules and regulations of a non-constitutional nature), lie outside the purview of constitutional jurisdiction. The work of the Federal Constitutional Court also has political effect. This becomes particularly clear when the Court declares a law unconstitutional. But the Court is not a political body. Its sole review standard is the Basic Law.
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|Guide ID: 3119 - Last Updated: July 29, 2013