Legal Professional Guide: Courts and Judiciaries, Europe
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House of Lords, United Kingdom
The House of Lords is the second chamber of the UK Parliament. It is independent from, and complements the work of, the elected House of Commons. The Lords shares the task of making and shaping laws and checking and...
Italian Constitutional Court
Established in Palazzo della Consulta, Rome. The Court's first public hearing was held on April 23, 1956. The Constitutional Court performs the crucial roles of ensuring the constitutionality of laws, with special...
Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC)
The Judicial Appointments Commission (JAC) is an independent commission that selects candidates for judicial office in courts and tribunals in England and Wales, and for some tribunals whose jurisdiction extends to...
Judiciary of England and Wales
The United Kingdom has three separate legal systems; one each for England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland. The Judiciary of England and Wales deals with the judiciary of England and Wales. The justice system...
Office for Judicial Complaints (OJC)
The Constitutional Reform Act 2005 of the United Kingdom gives the Lord Chancellor and the Lord Chief Justice joint responsibility for the system for considering and determining complaints about the personal conduct...