International Court of Justince (ICJ)

The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). Established in June 1945 by the Charter of the UN and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands. Of the 6 organs of the UN, ICJ is the only one not located in New York, United States of America. The Court's role is to settle, in accordance with international law, legal disputes submitted to by States and to give advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorised UN organs and specialised agencies. The Court is composed of 15 judges, elected for terms of office of 9 years by the UN General Assembly and the Security Council. ICJ is assisted by a Registry, its administrative organ. Its official languages are English and French. The ICJ official website features cases (e.g. the Sovereignty over Pedra Branch/Pulau Batu Puteh, Middle Rocks, South Ledge MY/SG; Pulau Ligitan & Pulau Sipadan MY/ID), jurisdiction and documents.
Notes:   Available in Arabic, Chinese, French, English, Russian and Spanish versions.

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Guide ID: 2134 - Last Updated: August 16, 2013